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|Cervical vertebrae from C3 to C6 are known as typical vertebrae because they share similar similar features. Each cervical vertebra is piled on top of the next one and separated by a fibro-cartilagineous structure (intervertebral disc) that sits in correspondence of the vertebral body. |
Cervical vertebrae are characterised by a heart-shape, with a central foramen (vertebral foramen) for the passage of the spinal cord and meninges, two transverse foramina for the passage of vertebral arteries, veins, and nerves, and a posterior tubercle that serves as an attachment for muscles and ligaments. Their role is to provide motility and support to the head.